well in looking at the chart the -'s look like knit stitches and the | look like purl stitches, the x's obviously are the cables, in looking at it looks like cable 4 front and cable 4 back in the first chart. For example, in row 5 on the first chart, you'd slip 4 cables to a cable needle and hold it at the front of the work, then knit the next 4, followed by the ones from the cable needles. in row 11, you'll hold the 4 stitches to the back. In the second chart, you're doing the same except with two on the cable needle instead of 4.
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