All the abbreviations you could need are listed above, to start with.
Most patterns follow the same format. When you have to repeat a series of stitches it usually has brackets or * around the stitches you need to repeat.
I suggest you find a pattern that you'd be interested in and give it a shot. If you have any questions, there are lots of people here who would be happy to translate.
"Trust the pattern!"
Time flies like an arrow, but fruit flies like a banana.
Hop aboard while we follow the cloud-covered van of knitting harmony, man!! Woooo!! --Hedgehog
IngridKH on Ravelry