Knitting Abbreviations Glossary

This is a comprehensive glossary of common knitting abbreviations that you are likely to find in a pattern. Wherever it's relevant, I've included links to videos which cover the technique.

"
inch(es)
( )
work instructions between parentheses, in the place directed
[ ]
work instructions between brackets, as many times as directed
*
repeat instructions following the single asterisk as directed
* *
repeat instructions between asterisks, as directed
alt
alternate
approx
approximately
beg
begin(ning)
bet
between
BO
bind off
view continental video
view english video
CA
color A
CB
color B
CC
contrasting color
cdd
centered double decrease. sl2 tog, K1, pass the slipped stitches over (together)
view english video
view continental video
ch
chain (using crochet hook). Start with a slip knot.
view video
cm
centimeter(s)
cn
cable needle: short knitting needle, used as an aid in the twisting of a cable.
CO
cast on
view video
cont
continue
cross 2 L
cross 2 stitches to the left (to work a cable). Slip 2 stitches p-wise onto a cable needle, let cable needle hang in front of work as you knit the next couple of stiches; then knit stitches off of cable needle.
cross 2 R
cross 2 stitches to the right (to work a cable). slip 2 stitches p-wise onto a cable needle, let cable needle hang in back of work as you knit the next couple of stiches; then knit stitches off of cable needle.
dc
double crochet
dec(s)
decrease(s)
DK
Double Knitting weight yarn. Slightly finer than worsted weight.
dpn aka dp
double pointed needle(s). A short needle with points at both ends, used in sets or 4 or 5, for knitting in the round.
EON
end of needle
EOR
end of row
FC
front cross (in working a cable)
fl
front loop(s)
foll
follow; follows; following
g aka gr
gram
g st
garter stitch
grp(s)
group(s)
hdc
half double crochet
hk
hook
in(s)
inch(es)
inc(s)
increase(s)
incl
including
k
knit
view continental video
view english video
k tbl aka K1 tbl, K1b
Knit stitch through the back loop
view continental video
view english video
k-b
knit stitch in row below. (Infrequently used for knit through the back loop; see K tbl)
view continental video
view english video
k-wise
knit-wise. Insert right needle into the stitch as if to knit it
k1 f&b aka kfb
knit 1 stitch in the front, then in the back. This is also called a Bar Increase
view english video
view continental video
k2tog
knit 2 stitches together
view english video
view continental video
k2tog tbl
knit 2 stitches together, through the back loops
view english video
view continental video
kll
knit left loop. An increase
view english video
view continental video
krl
knit right loop. An increase
view english video
view continental video
LC
left cross (to work a cable). As in: cross 2 L
LH
left hand
lp(s)
loop(s)
LT
left twist (where two stitches cross each other, as in the smallest cable stitch possible)
m
meter(s)
M1
Make 1. This means to increase a stitch. If the method isn't specified, use whichever increase you like, for instance M1F.
M1A
make 1 away. An Increase
view english video
view continental video
M1L aka M1, M1F
make 1 (front)(left). An increase. From the front, lift loop between stitches with left needle, knit into back of loop
view continental video
view english video
M1R aka M1B
make 1 (back) (right). An increase. From the back, lift loop between stitches with left needle, knit into front of loop
view continental video
view english video
M1T
make 1 towards. An Increase
view english video
view continental video
MB
make bobble
mc
main color
mm
millimeters(s)
no
number
oz
ounce(s)
p
purl
view english video
view continental video
p tbl aka P1 tbl, P1b
purl through the back loop
view continental video
view english video
p-b
purl stitch in the row below. (infrequently used to mean purl stitch in the back loop; see p tbl)
view continental video
view english video
p-wise
purl wise: Insert right needle down into the front loop, or up into the back loop for tbl
p1 f&b aka pfb
purl the front of a stitch, then purl the back of the same stitch
view english video
view continental video
p2tog
purl 2 together
view continental video
view english video
p2tog tbl
purl 2 together through the back loops
view english video
view continental video
pat(s) aka patt(s)
pattern(s)
pm
place marker
pnso
pass next stitch over
pop
popcorn stitch
prev
previous
psso
pass the slipped stitch over (as in slip 1, knit 1, psso)
pu
pick up stitches
view video
RC
right cross (to work a cable), as in: cross 2 R
rem
remaining
rep
repeat(s)
rev St st
Reverse stockinette/stocking stitch. The "purl" side of plain, stockinette stitch. Purled on RS, knitted on WS
RH
right hand
rib
ribbing: vertical columns of knit and purl stitches, side by side, as in K1, P1 ribbing
rnd(s)
round(s). In circular knitting, a "row" is called a "round."
RS
right side, for instance the outside of a sweater. Stated to indicate which side is facing you when carrying out instructions
RT
right twist (where two stitches cross each other, as in the smallest cable stitch possible)
sc
single crochet
sk
skip
sk2p
slip1, knit 2 tog, pass slipped stitch over. (a double decrease)
view english video
view continental video
SKP aka skpo
"Slip, Knit, Pass." Slip a stitch, knit the next stitch, pass the slipped stitch over the knit one. The same as: sl1, k1, psso
view continental video
view english video
sl aka s
slip a stitch. If they don't specify, slip the stitch purl-wise....Unless you are decreasing: then, slip it knit-wise on the knit rows, and purl-wise on the purl rows. (According to Vogue Knitting)
sl st
slip stitch(es)
sl1, k1, psso
slip1, knit1, pass the slipped stitch over. The same as SKP
view english video
view continental video
sl1k aka sl 1 k-wise
slip a stitch knit-wise
view continental video
view english video
sl1p aka sl 1 p-wise
slip a stitch purl-wise
view continental video
view english video
slip knot
an adjustable loop, used to begin many cast-on methods
view video
sp(s)
space(s)
ss
slip stitch (Canadian)
ssk
slip, slip, knit slipped stitches tog. A decrease
view continental video
view english video
ssk (improved)
sl 1, sl 1 p-wise, knit slipped sts tog
view english video
view continental video
ssp
slip, slip, purl. A decrease, usually done on the purl-side
view continental video
sssk
slip, slip, slip, knit 3 slipped stitches together. A double decrease
view continental video
view english video
st (s)
stitch(es)
St st
Stockinette/Stocking stitch
tbl
through the back loop
tog
together
won
wool over needle
wrn
wool round needle
WS
wrong side, for instance the inside of the sweater. Stated to indicate which side is facing you when carrying out instructions
wyib
with yarn in back
wyif
with yarn in front
yb aka ybk
yarn to the back
yd(s)
yard(s)
yfon
yarn forward and over needle. Same as yo
yfrn
yarn forward and 'round needle. Same as yo
yfwd aka yf
yarn forward
yo
yarn over: wrap the yarn around right needle
view continental video
view english video
yo2 aka yo twice
yarn over twice
yon
yarn over needle. Same as yo
yrn
yarn 'round needle. Same as yo